Knowledge transmission patterns at the border: ethnobotany of Hutsuls living in the Carpathian Mountains of Bukovina (SW Ukraine and NE Romania)

Background: Cross-border Research is a new and important tool to detect the variability of ecological knowledge. This is particularly evident in the area have recently divided and annexed to a different political regime. Therefore, we conducted a study among Hutsuls, cultural and linguistic minorities living in North and South Bukovina (Ukraine and Romania, respectively). Indeed, in the 1940s, the borders were created: Northern Bukovina were annexed by the Soviet Union while Southern Bukovina remain part of the Kingdom of Romania. In this study, we aimed to document the use of plants for food and medicinal preparations, discuss the different dynamics of the Local Ecological Knowledge (LEK) transmission between Hutsuls living in Ukraine and Romania.


Methods: Fieldwork was conducted by using the convenience and snowball sampling techniques to recruit 31 Hutsuls in Ukraine and 30 in Romania to participate in semi-structured interviews regarding the use of plants for medicinal purposes and food preparation and sources of knowledge.
Results: The interviews revealed that, despite the cultural background and common language, ethnobotany knowledge transmission occurs in a different way on each side of the border. Family is the main source of transmission of knowledge ethnobotany on both sides of the border;

However, in Romania, the knowledge from other sources is very limited, whereas in Ukraine interviewed reported several other sources, including books, magazines, newspapers, internet and television. This is very evident when analyzing the wild plants used for medicinal purposes as we found 53 taxa are common to both, 47 is only used in Ukraine and 11 are used only in Romania. While Romania Hutsuls used almost exclusively plants available locally, Ukraine Hutsuls frequently reported new plants such as aloe vera, Aronia melanocarpa and rhamnoides Elaeagnus. Knowledge associated with this plant is moved by a source other than oral transmission of knowledge between members of the same family. Therefore, this may imply hybridization local body of knowledge with foreign elements originating in the Soviet context that has enriched the corpus of knowledge of ethnobotany which is owned by Ukrainian Hutsuls.


Conclusion: While knowledge of ethnobotany between traditional and Romania Hutsuls primarily transmitted vertically, between Ukraine Hutsuls there is a large proportion of LEK is transmitted from the other (written and visual) source of knowledge. This transnational study revealed that despite the common cultural background, socio-political scenario has impacted Hutsul knowledge of ethnobotany and transmission patterns.

 Knowledge transmission patterns at the border: ethnobotany of Hutsuls living in the Carpathian Mountains of Bukovina (SW Ukraine and NE Romania)
Knowledge transmission patterns at the border: ethnobotany of Hutsuls living in the Carpathian Mountains of Bukovina (SW Ukraine and NE Romania)

Achillea spp.: A comprehensive review of ethnobotany, phytochemicals, phytopharmacology and industrial applications

Houses genus Achillea genus of over 100 species, some of them are popularly used in traditional medicine for digestive spasmodic, gynecological disorders, and hepatobiliary, bleeding, pneumonia, rheumatic pain, inflammation, wound healing, etc.

Members of the genus contains a variety of secondary metabolites that easy yawning and non-volatile, including terpenes, polyphenols, flavonoids and others. Several studies have assessed the effects of biological and other aspects of Achillea spp. In a number of preclinical studies, Achillea plants and their essential oils have demonstrated promising antibacterial properties against a number of human and plant pathogens.

HHV-6 gp60 Antibody

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HHV-6 IgG ELISA Kit

DEIA3565 96T
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HHV-6 IgM ELISA Kit

DEIABL57 96T
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Description: HHV-6 IgM ELISA kit for detection of IgM antibodies to HHV-6 in human serum.

Individual Reaction Mix 6

G065-6 200 reactions
EUR 167

Random Nanofibers 6 Well Plate

3D00006-6 700 nm-PCLs
EUR 93

Aligned Nanofibers 6 Well Plate

3D00012-6 700 nm-PCLs
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pLenti-CLDN1 shRNA-6 Plasmid

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Mouse IL-6 Recombinant Protein

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Rabbit VEGF-A Recombinant Protein

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M1041-6
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M1042-6
EUR 1300

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M1043-6
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M1044-6
EUR 1289

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M1045-6
EUR 1572

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, Human Saliva, 6 vials)

M1046-6
EUR 1306

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, Human Saliva, 6 vials)

M1047-6
EUR 1621

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, U87 MG, 6 vials)

M1054-6
EUR 1306

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, U87 MG, 6 vials)

M1055-6
EUR 1616

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, COLO1 cell line, 6 vials)

M1048-6
EUR 1306

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M1049-6
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M1050-6
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M1051-6
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ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, BLCL21 cell line, 6 vials)

M1052-6
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M1053-6
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M1058-6
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M1059-6
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M1060-6
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M1061-6
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M1064-6
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M1065-6
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ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, A549 cell line, 6 vials)

M1066-6
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M1067-6
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M1070-6
EUR 1306

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (1090 µg, B16F10 cell line, 6 vials)

M1071-6
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M1062-6
EUR 1306

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M1063-6
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M1068-6
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M1069-6
EUR 1616

SPA-Cys Staphylococcal Protein-A Cys Long Form Recombinant Protein

PROTP38507-6 Regular: 100mg
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Description: SPA-Cys long Recombinant produced in E.Coli is a single non-glycosylated polypeptide chain with a Cys on C-terminus. SPA-Cys is comprised of 5 IgG-binding domains E-D-A-B-C aligned in series containing 423 amino acids and having a molecular mass of 46.7kDa containing little or no carbohydrate.

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, SK-N-SH cell line, 6 vials)

M1056-6
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M1057-6
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Anti-HHV-8 antibody

STJ16100377 1 mL
EUR 852

Anti-HHV-8 antibody

STJ180387 0.1 ml
EUR 212

Anti-HHV-8 antibody

STJ180395 0.1 ml
EUR 212

Genomic DNA from Congestive Heart Failure: Heart, from a single donor

D1236122Hd-6 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

a-Defensin 6

H-6566.0100 0.1mg
EUR 265
Description: Sum Formula: C156H228N46O46S7; CAS# [799241-26-2] net

a-Defensin 6

H-6566.0500 0.5mg
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Description: Sum Formula: C156H228N46O46S7; CAS# [799241-26-2] net

a-Defensin 6

H-6566.1000 1.0mg
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Description: Sum Formula: C156H228N46O46S7; CAS# [799241-26-2] net

6-Aldehydoisoophiopogonanone A

TB0820-0025 10mg
EUR 526

Rabbit Anti-Human Caspase-6 (ICE-6/MCH-2, CASP-6) IgG #1, aff. pure

CASP61-A 100 ug
EUR 482

Rabbit Anti-Human Glucose Transp. 6 (Glut-6) IgG, aff pure

GT62-A 100 ug
EUR 482

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HDEFA61-A 100 ug
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AFP (Alpha fetoprotein) ELISA test

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HHV-4 recombinant p23 antigen

00211-V-01mg 0,1 mg
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HHV-4 recombinant p23 antigen

00211-V-1000ug 1000 ug
EUR 1282.5
  • Category: Antigens, Epstein-Barr Virus, Ag
Description: HHV-4 recombinant p18 antigen Region: 1-119aa

HHV-4 recombinant EA antigen

00213-V-01mg 0,1 mg
EUR 267.5
  • Category: Antigens, Epstein-Barr Virus, Ag
Description: HHV-4 recombinant EA antigen. Region: 306-390aa

HHV-4 recombinant EA antigen

00213-V-1000ug 1000 ug
EUR 1282.5
  • Category: Antigens, Epstein-Barr Virus, Ag
Description: HHV-4 recombinant EA antigen. Region: 306-390aa

Dynorphin A (1-6)

H-2665.0005 5.0mg
EUR 225
Description: Sum Formula: C34H49N9O8; CAS# [75106-70-6]

Dynorphin A (1-6)

H-2665.0025 25.0mg
EUR 803
Description: Sum Formula: C34H49N9O8; CAS# [75106-70-6]

6-Formyl-isoophiopogonanone A

HY-N2220 5mg
EUR 838

6-Aldehydo-isoophiopogonone A

TBW00696 unit Ask for price

6''-O-Acetylsaikosaponin a

TBW01184 20mg Ask for price

Rabbit Anti-Human cytomegalovirus (strain AD169) (HHV-5) (Human herpesvirus 5) Protein pp71 (UL82) IgG (aff pure)

AB-23258-A 100ug
EUR 482

Boc-Thionoleu-1-(6-nitro)benzotriazolide

A-4345.0001 1.0g
EUR 454
Description: Sum Formula: C17H23N5O4S; CAS# [214750-70-6]

Boc-Thionoleu-1-(6-nitro)benzotriazolide

A-4345.0005 5.0g
EUR 1698
Description: Sum Formula: C17H23N5O4S; CAS# [214750-70-6]

Boc-Thionophe-1-(6-nitro)benzotriazolide

A-4355.0001 1.0g
EUR 454
Description: Sum Formula: C20H21N5O4S; CAS# [184951-87-9]

Boc-Thionophe-1-(6-nitro)benzotriazolide

A-4355.0005 5.0g
EUR 1698
Description: Sum Formula: C20H21N5O4S; CAS# [184951-87-9]

Boc-Thionoala-1-(6-nitro)benzotriazolide

A-4360.0001 1.0g
EUR 441
Description: Sum Formula: C14H17N5O4S; CAS# [184951-86-8]

Boc-Thionoala-1-(6-nitro)benzotriazolide

A-4360.0005 5.0g
EUR 1698
Description: Sum Formula: C14H17N5O4S; CAS# [184951-86-8]

Goat Anti-Human Apolipoprotein A-IV A(ApoA4) peptid IgG, aff pure

APOA45-A 100 ul
EUR 482

Rabbit Anti-human MART-1/Melanocyte Differentiation-A/Melan-A peptide (CT) IgG

MART12-A 100 ul
EUR 445

Boc-Thionoser(Bzl)-1-(6-nitro)benzotriazolide

A-4365.0001 1.0g
EUR 273
Description: Sum Formula: C21H23N5O5S; CAS# [184951-89-1]

Boc-Thionoser(Bzl)-1-(6-nitro)benzotriazolide

A-4365.0005 5.0g
EUR 1003
Description: Sum Formula: C21H23N5O5S; CAS# [184951-89-1]

EBV HHV-4 Ea-D Protein

abx060517-1mg 1 mg
EUR 1957
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HHV-4 recombinant mosaic EBNA1 antigen

00212-V-01mg 0,1 mg
EUR 267.5
  • Category: Antigens, Epstein-Barr Virus, Ag
Description: HHV-4 recombinant mosaic EBNA1 antigen. Region: 1-90/408-498aa

HHV-4 recombinant mosaic EBNA1 antigen

00212-V-1000ug 1000 ug
EUR 1282.5
  • Category: Antigens, Epstein-Barr Virus, Ag
Description: HHV-4 recombinant mosaic EBNA1 antigen. Region: 1-90/408-498aa

Boc-a-Me-DL-Val-OH

A-4145.0001 1.0g
EUR 139
Description: Sum Formula: C11H21NO4; CAS# [139938-00-4]

Boc-a-Me-DL-Val-OH

A-4145.0005 5.0g
EUR 477
Description: Sum Formula: C11H21NO4; CAS# [139938-00-4]

Mating Factor a (1-6)

H-6205.0001 1.0mg
EUR 115
Description: Sum Formula: C45H59N11O8; CAS# [65418-88-4] net

Mating Factor a (1-6)

H-6205.0005 5.0mg
EUR 273
Description: Sum Formula: C45H59N11O8; CAS# [65418-88-4] net

Mating Factor a (1-6)

H-6205.0025 25.0mg
EUR 998
Description: Sum Formula: C45H59N11O8; CAS# [65418-88-4] net

6-Bromoimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine

20-abx186649
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6-Chloroimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine

20-abx186672
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Dynorphin A (1-6) Peptide

20-abx265484
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Dynorphin A (6-17) Peptide

20-abx265500
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Dynorphin A (1-6), porcine

5-01055 4 x 5mg Ask for price

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Recombinant Mouse Interleukin 6 (a. a. 187) Polypeptide

DAG308 100ug
EUR 810

Rabbit Anti-Influenza A HA (H1N1, 1-343aa) (A/Wyoming/3/03) protein IgG, aff pure

H3N22-A 100 ul
EUR 445

Fmoc-a-amino-DL-Gly(Boc)-OH

A-4320.0001 1.0g
EUR 273
Description: Sum Formula: C22H24N2O6; CAS# [176039-39-7]

Fmoc-a-amino-DL-Gly(Boc)-OH

A-4320.0005 5.0g
EUR 998
Description: Sum Formula: C22H24N2O6; CAS# [176039-39-7]

Chicken Anti-Protein A IgG, aff pure

PRTA11-A 1 mg
EUR 482

Goat Anti-Protein-A IgG aff pure

PRTA12-A 0.1 ml
EUR 408

Chicken Anti-Protein-A IgG aff pure

PRTA13-A 100 ug
EUR 408

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H1NP21-A 100 ul
EUR 445

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HA2H012-A 100 ul
EUR 445

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H3N23-A 100 ul
EUR 445

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HAV11-A 100 ul
EUR 457

Goat Anti-human Serum Amyloid A (SAA) antiserum

SAA11-A 100 ul
EUR 482

Rabbit Anti-Streptococcus A IgG, aff pure, #2

STA12-A 1 mg
EUR 286

HHV-2 Envelope Glycoprotein G (552-574)

H-7998.0500 0.5mg
EUR 248
Description: Sum Formula: C103H146N28O38; CAS# [2022956-63-2] net

HHV-2 Envelope Glycoprotein G (552-574)

H-7998.1000 1.0mg
EUR 418
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Human Herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) ELISA Kit

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EUR 668
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Epstein-Barr Virus (HHV-4) p18 Protein

20-abx260115
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  • EUR 1372.00
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Epstein-Barr Virus (HHV-4) p23 Protein

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Epstein-Barr Virus (HHV-4) EBNA1 Protein

20-abx260340
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  • EUR 467.00
  • EUR 1970.00
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Epstein-Barr Virus (HHV-4) p18 Protein

20-abx260341
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  • EUR 1970.00
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Recombinant Epstein-Barr Virus (HHV-4) p18

7-07795 100µg Ask for price

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Rabbit Anti-Human Aquaporin 6 (AQP6) IgG # 1, aff pure

AQP61-A 100 ug
EUR 482

In addition, the plant has shown strong antioxidant and a potent anti-proliferative and anti-cancer in a variety of cellular and animal models. Achillea plant has been widely used as a food preservative in the food industry.