Knowledge transmission patterns at the border: ethnobotany of Hutsuls living in the Carpathian Mountains of Bukovina (SW Ukraine and NE Romania)

Background: Cross-border Research is a new and important tool to detect the variability of ecological knowledge. This is particularly evident in the area have recently divided and annexed to a different political regime. Therefore, we conducted a study among Hutsuls, cultural and linguistic minorities living in North and South Bukovina (Ukraine and Romania, respectively). Indeed, in the 1940s, the borders were created: Northern Bukovina were annexed by the Soviet Union while Southern Bukovina remain part of the Kingdom of Romania. In this study, we aimed to document the use of plants for food and medicinal preparations, discuss the different dynamics of the Local Ecological Knowledge (LEK) transmission between Hutsuls living in Ukraine and Romania.


Methods: Fieldwork was conducted by using the convenience and snowball sampling techniques to recruit 31 Hutsuls in Ukraine and 30 in Romania to participate in semi-structured interviews regarding the use of plants for medicinal purposes and food preparation and sources of knowledge.
Results: The interviews revealed that, despite the cultural background and common language, ethnobotany knowledge transmission occurs in a different way on each side of the border. Family is the main source of transmission of knowledge ethnobotany on both sides of the border;

However, in Romania, the knowledge from other sources is very limited, whereas in Ukraine interviewed reported several other sources, including books, magazines, newspapers, internet and television. This is very evident when analyzing the wild plants used for medicinal purposes as we found 53 taxa are common to both, 47 is only used in Ukraine and 11 are used only in Romania. While Romania Hutsuls used almost exclusively plants available locally, Ukraine Hutsuls frequently reported new plants such as aloe vera, Aronia melanocarpa and rhamnoides Elaeagnus. Knowledge associated with this plant is moved by a source other than oral transmission of knowledge between members of the same family. Therefore, this may imply hybridization local body of knowledge with foreign elements originating in the Soviet context that has enriched the corpus of knowledge of ethnobotany which is owned by Ukrainian Hutsuls.


Conclusion: While knowledge of ethnobotany between traditional and Romania Hutsuls primarily transmitted vertically, between Ukraine Hutsuls there is a large proportion of LEK is transmitted from the other (written and visual) source of knowledge. This transnational study revealed that despite the common cultural background, socio-political scenario has impacted Hutsul knowledge of ethnobotany and transmission patterns.

 Knowledge transmission patterns at the border: ethnobotany of Hutsuls living in the Carpathian Mountains of Bukovina (SW Ukraine and NE Romania)
Knowledge transmission patterns at the border: ethnobotany of Hutsuls living in the Carpathian Mountains of Bukovina (SW Ukraine and NE Romania)

Achillea spp.: A comprehensive review of ethnobotany, phytochemicals, phytopharmacology and industrial applications

Houses genus Achillea genus of over 100 species, some of them are popularly used in traditional medicine for digestive spasmodic, gynecological disorders, and hepatobiliary, bleeding, pneumonia, rheumatic pain, inflammation, wound healing, etc.

Members of the genus contains a variety of secondary metabolites that easy yawning and non-volatile, including terpenes, polyphenols, flavonoids and others. Several studies have assessed the effects of biological and other aspects of Achillea spp. In a number of preclinical studies, Achillea plants and their essential oils have demonstrated promising antibacterial properties against a number of human and plant pathogens.

HHV-6 gp60 Antibody

abx021863-1mg 1 mg
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HHV-6 gp90 Antibody

abx021864-1mg 1 mg
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HHV-6 p150 Antibody

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HHV-6 IgG ELISA Kit

DEIA3565 96T
EUR 839.00
Description: For the quantitative determination of HHV-6 IgG antibodies in paired serum samples.

HHV-6 IgM ELISA Kit

DEIABL57 96T
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Description: HHV-6 IgM ELISA kit for detection of IgM antibodies to HHV-6 in human serum.

Individual Reaction Mix 6

G065-6 200 reactions
EUR 167.00

Random Nanofibers 6 Well Plate

3D00006-6 700 nm-PCLs
EUR 93.00

Aligned Nanofibers 6 Well Plate

3D00012-6 700 nm-PCLs
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pLenti-CLDN1 shRNA-6 Plasmid

PVTBAV04867-6 2 ug
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TCP20-6 1 UNIT
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Mouse IL-6 Recombinant Protein

R00102-6 5ug/vial
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Aligned Nanofibers 6 Well Plate Inserts

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Herpes Virus 6 Variant B (HHV-6B) Antibody

abx411410-01mg 0.1 mg
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Rabbit VEGF-A Recombinant Protein

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ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, Human Plasma, 6 vials)

M1040-6
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M1041-6
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M1042-6
EUR 1300.00

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M1043-6
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M1044-6
EUR 1289.00

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M1045-6
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ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, Human Saliva, 6 vials)

M1046-6
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M1047-6
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ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, U87 MG, 6 vials)

M1054-6
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M1055-6
EUR 1616.00

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, COLO1 cell line, 6 vials)

M1048-6
EUR 1306.00

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M1049-6
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ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, MM1 cell line, 6 vials)

M1050-6
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ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, MM1 cell line, 6 vials)

M1051-6
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ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, BLCL21 cell line, 6 vials)

M1052-6
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M1053-6
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ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, HCT116 cell line, 6 vials)

M1058-6
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M1059-6
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M1060-6
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M1061-6
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M1064-6
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M1065-6
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M1066-6
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M1067-6
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M1070-6
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ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (1090 µg, B16F10 cell line, 6 vials)

M1071-6
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M1062-6
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M1063-6
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M1068-6
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M1069-6
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SPA-Cys Staphylococcal Protein-A Cys Long Form Recombinant Protein

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M1056-6
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M1057-6
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Genomic DNA from Congestive Heart Failure: Heart, from a single donor

D1236122Hd-6 50 ug
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Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Anti-HHV-8 antibody

STJ16100377 1 mL
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Anti-HHV-8 antibody

STJ180387 0.1 ml
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Anti-HHV-8 antibody

STJ180395 0.1 ml
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Rabbit Anti-Human Caspase-6 (ICE-6/MCH-2, CASP-6) IgG #1, aff. pure

CASP61-A 100 ug
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a-Defensin 6

H-6566.0100 0.1mg
EUR 265.00
Description: Sum Formula: C156H228N46O46S7; CAS# [799241-26-2] net

a-Defensin 6

H-6566.0500 0.5mg
EUR 735.00
Description: Sum Formula: C156H228N46O46S7; CAS# [799241-26-2] net

a-Defensin 6

H-6566.1000 1.0mg
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Description: Sum Formula: C156H228N46O46S7; CAS# [799241-26-2] net

6-Aldehydoisoophiopogonanone A

TB0820-0025 10mg
EUR 526.00

Rabbit Anti-Human Glucose Transp. 6 (Glut-6) IgG, aff pure

GT62-A 100 ug
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AFP (Alpha fetoprotein) ELISA test

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Description: ELISA based test for quantitative detection of AFP (Alpha fetoprotein)

Rabbit Anti-Human Alpha Defensin 6 (NP-6) IgG #1, aff pure

HDEFA61-A 100 ug
EUR 482.00

HHV-4 recombinant p23 antigen

00211-V-01mg 0,1 mg
EUR 267.50
  • Category: Antigens, Epstein-Barr Virus, Ag
Description: HHV-4 recombinant p18 antigen Region: 1-119aa

HHV-4 recombinant p23 antigen

00211-V-1000ug 1000 ug
EUR 1282.50
  • Category: Antigens, Epstein-Barr Virus, Ag
Description: HHV-4 recombinant p18 antigen Region: 1-119aa

HHV-4 recombinant EA antigen

00213-V-01mg 0,1 mg
EUR 267.50
  • Category: Antigens, Epstein-Barr Virus, Ag
Description: HHV-4 recombinant EA antigen. Region: 306-390aa

HHV-4 recombinant EA antigen

00213-V-1000ug 1000 ug
EUR 1282.50
  • Category: Antigens, Epstein-Barr Virus, Ag
Description: HHV-4 recombinant EA antigen. Region: 306-390aa

EBV HHV-4 p23 Protein

abx060518-1mg 1 mg
EUR 1887.00
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Rabbit Anti-Human cytomegalovirus (strain AD169) (HHV-5) (Human herpesvirus 5) Protein pp71 (UL82) IgG (aff pure)

AB-23258-A 100ug
EUR 482.00

Boc-Thionoleu-1-(6-nitro)benzotriazolide

A-4345.0001 1.0g
EUR 454.00
Description: Sum Formula: C17H23N5O4S; CAS# [214750-70-6]

Boc-Thionoleu-1-(6-nitro)benzotriazolide

A-4345.0005 5.0g
EUR 1698.00
Description: Sum Formula: C17H23N5O4S; CAS# [214750-70-6]

Boc-Thionophe-1-(6-nitro)benzotriazolide

A-4355.0001 1.0g
EUR 454.00
Description: Sum Formula: C20H21N5O4S; CAS# [184951-87-9]

Boc-Thionophe-1-(6-nitro)benzotriazolide

A-4355.0005 5.0g
EUR 1698.00
Description: Sum Formula: C20H21N5O4S; CAS# [184951-87-9]

Boc-Thionoala-1-(6-nitro)benzotriazolide

A-4360.0001 1.0g
EUR 441.00
Description: Sum Formula: C14H17N5O4S; CAS# [184951-86-8]

Boc-Thionoala-1-(6-nitro)benzotriazolide

A-4360.0005 5.0g
EUR 1698.00
Description: Sum Formula: C14H17N5O4S; CAS# [184951-86-8]

Goat Anti-Human Apolipoprotein A-IV A(ApoA4) peptid IgG, aff pure

APOA45-A 100 ul
EUR 482.00

Dynorphin A (1-6)

H-2665.0005 5.0mg
EUR 225.00
Description: Sum Formula: C34H49N9O8; CAS# [75106-70-6]

Dynorphin A (1-6)

H-2665.0025 25.0mg
EUR 803.00
Description: Sum Formula: C34H49N9O8; CAS# [75106-70-6]

6-Formyl-isoophiopogonanone A

HY-N2220 5mg
EUR 838.00

6-Aldehydo-isoophiopogonone A

TBW00696 unit Ask for price

6''-O-Acetylsaikosaponin a

TBW01184 20mg Ask for price

Boc-Thionoser(Bzl)-1-(6-nitro)benzotriazolide

A-4365.0001 1.0g
EUR 273.00
Description: Sum Formula: C21H23N5O5S; CAS# [184951-89-1]

Boc-Thionoser(Bzl)-1-(6-nitro)benzotriazolide

A-4365.0005 5.0g
EUR 1003.00
Description: Sum Formula: C21H23N5O5S; CAS# [184951-89-1]

Rabbit Anti-human MART-1/Melanocyte Differentiation-A/Melan-A peptide (CT) IgG

MART12-A 100 ul
EUR 445.00

HHV-4 recombinant mosaic EBNA1 antigen

00212-V-01mg 0,1 mg
EUR 267.50
  • Category: Antigens, Epstein-Barr Virus, Ag
Description: HHV-4 recombinant mosaic EBNA1 antigen. Region: 1-90/408-498aa

HHV-4 recombinant mosaic EBNA1 antigen

00212-V-1000ug 1000 ug
EUR 1282.50
  • Category: Antigens, Epstein-Barr Virus, Ag
Description: HHV-4 recombinant mosaic EBNA1 antigen. Region: 1-90/408-498aa

EBV HHV-4 Ea-D Protein

abx060517-1mg 1 mg
EUR 1957.00
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Boc-a-Me-DL-Val-OH

A-4145.0001 1.0g
EUR 139.00
Description: Sum Formula: C11H21NO4; CAS# [139938-00-4]

Boc-a-Me-DL-Val-OH

A-4145.0005 5.0g
EUR 477.00
Description: Sum Formula: C11H21NO4; CAS# [139938-00-4]

Rabbit Anti-Influenza A HA (H1N1, 1-343aa) (A/Wyoming/3/03) protein IgG, aff pure

H3N22-A 100 ul
EUR 445.00

Fmoc-a-amino-DL-Gly(Boc)-OH

A-4320.0001 1.0g
EUR 273.00
Description: Sum Formula: C22H24N2O6; CAS# [176039-39-7]

Fmoc-a-amino-DL-Gly(Boc)-OH

A-4320.0005 5.0g
EUR 998.00
Description: Sum Formula: C22H24N2O6; CAS# [176039-39-7]

Chicken Anti-Protein A IgG, aff pure

PRTA11-A 1 mg
EUR 482.00

Goat Anti-Protein-A IgG aff pure

PRTA12-A 0.1 ml
EUR 408.00

Chicken Anti-Protein-A IgG aff pure

PRTA13-A 100 ug
EUR 408.00

Rabbit Anti-Influenza A nucleoprotein (H1N1-NP/1-320aa) protein (A/06/California/2009) IgG, aff pure

H1NP21-A 100 ul
EUR 445.00

Rabbit Anti-Influenza A HA2 (H5N1) (A/Vietnam/1203/2004 366-531aa, >95%, his-tag) protein IgG

HA2H012-A 100 ul
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Rabbit Anti-Influenza A HA (H3N2, 1-531aa/HA1+HA2) (A/Brisbane/10/2007) protein IgG, aff pure

H3N23-A 100 ul
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Dynorphin A (1-6) Peptide

20-abx265484
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  • EUR 272.00
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Dynorphin A (6-17) Peptide

20-abx265500
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Dynorphin A (1-6), porcine

5-01055 4 x 5mg Ask for price

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6-Bromoimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine

20-abx186649
  • EUR 384.00
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6-Chloroimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine

20-abx186672
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6-Bromopyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine

20-abx182285
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Mating Factor a (1-6)

H-6205.0001 1.0mg
EUR 115.00
Description: Sum Formula: C45H59N11O8; CAS# [65418-88-4] net

Mating Factor a (1-6)

H-6205.0005 5.0mg
EUR 273.00
Description: Sum Formula: C45H59N11O8; CAS# [65418-88-4] net

Mating Factor a (1-6)

H-6205.0025 25.0mg
EUR 998.00
Description: Sum Formula: C45H59N11O8; CAS# [65418-88-4] net

Rabbit Anti-Human Aquaporin 6 (AQP6) IgG # 1, aff pure

AQP61-A 100 ug
EUR 482.00

Rabbit Anti-Rat Chloride channel 6 (CLC6) IgG , aff pure

CLC61-A 100 ug
EUR 482.00

Chicken Anti-Human NaPi-2/NPT2 IgG #6, aff pure

NPT26-A 100 ug
EUR 482.00

Goat Anti-Hepatitis A Virus (Strain HM175) IgG

HAV11-A 100 ul
EUR 457.00

Rabbit Anti-Streptococcus A IgG, aff pure, #2

STA12-A 1 mg
EUR 286.00

Goat Anti-human Serum Amyloid A (SAA) antiserum

SAA11-A 100 ul
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Epstein-Barr Virus (HHV-4) p18 Protein

20-abx260115
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  • EUR 1372.00
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Epstein-Barr Virus (HHV-4) p23 Protein

20-abx260116
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  • EUR 342.00
  • EUR 1372.00
  • 0.5 mg
  • 100 ug
  • 1 mg
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Epstein-Barr Virus (HHV-4) EBNA1 Protein

20-abx260340
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  • EUR 467.00
  • EUR 1970.00
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  • 100 ug
  • 1 mg
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Epstein-Barr Virus (HHV-4) p18 Protein

20-abx260341
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  • EUR 467.00
  • EUR 1970.00
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Recombinant Epstein-Barr Virus (HHV-4) p18

7-07795 100µg Ask for price

Recombinant Epstein-Barr Virus (HHV-4) p18

7-07796 500µg Ask for price

Recombinant Epstein-Barr Virus (HHV-4) p18

7-07797 1000µg Ask for price

Recombinant Epstein-Barr Virus (HHV-4) p23

7-07804 100µg Ask for price

Recombinant Epstein-Barr Virus (HHV-4) p23

7-07805 500µg Ask for price

Recombinant Epstein-Barr Virus (HHV-4) p23

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Human Herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) ELISA Kit

abx157142-96tests 96 tests
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HHV-2 Envelope Glycoprotein G (552-574)

H-7998.0500 0.5mg
EUR 248.00
Description: Sum Formula: C103H146N28O38; CAS# [2022956-63-2] net

In addition, the plant has shown strong antioxidant and a potent anti-proliferative and anti-cancer in a variety of cellular and animal models. Achillea plant has been widely used as a food preservative in the food industry.